Management System (EMS)
Environmental Management System,
is a framework for managing the environmental performance of an
organization so that it can monitor and control the impact of its
activities, services, and products not only on the environment, but on human health and
general well-being as well.
It embodies a comprehensive set of management tools, principles, and procedures
for developing, implementing, and sustaining its environmental
protection endeavors in a systematic and documented manner.
implementation of an EMS
requires a strong commitment from the organization's management.
It would require the allocation of sufficient internal and external
resources not only in logistics but also in manpower.
An EMS serves
the organization in a variety of ways: as a tool for improving its
environmental performance; as a system for effective management of its
environmental activities; as a means of assessing and addressing the
environmental effects of its products, services, and activities; as a
structure for the allocation of correct and sufficient resources for
handling their environmental concerns; and as a way to ensure continuous
improvement of the EMS itself.
The process of implementing
an EMS may be broken down into the following steps: 1) securing
of total commitment from the organization's top management; 2)
conduct of an initial environmental audit, including the release of an
audit report; 3) formation of management and implementation
committees and selection of an environmental management representative;
4) formulation and documentation of the organization's
environmental policy, or coming up with an environmental policy
statement; 5) drawing up and documentation of an Environmental
Management Program, including targets, monitors and controls; 6)
progressive implementation of the program, including regular audits and
implementation of corrective/preventive actions; and 7) certification
One way to
affirm the success of an organization's EMS is through ISO-14000
certification. The ISO-14000 is a set of
standards developed by the International
Organization for Standardization (ISO) that provides all industries with
a structure and corresponding guidelines for ensuring consistent and
effective EMS implementation.
activity undertaken under an EMS is the identification of so-called
'significant environmental impacts'. There are attributes of the
organization's products, services and activities that affect the
environment. The ability to identify these attributes facilitates the
generation of corresponding corrective and preventive actions to
mitigate their environmental effects.
points of a good EMS is the proper and continuous training of employees
to inform them of their responsibilities to the environment and teach
them how to carry out these responsibilities effectively. Also,
regular management review of the progress of the EMS is a 'must'.
Successful implementation of
an EMS will reap many rewards, including the following: reduction of
wastes, compliance with existing and future environmental regulations,
productivity improvements, higher profitability, enhanced company image,
and of course, a more positive environmental impact.
The ISO-14000 Standard;
The ISO 9000 Standard;
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